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Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. It is noncommercial not in its processes of production but in the motivations of its makers and listeners, in terms of what, in rock, makes a piece of music or a musician valuable.
The defining term in rock ideology is authenticity. Rock is at once the mainstream of commercial music and a romantic art forma voice from the social margins. In making sense of its contradictions, two terms are critical. The first is presence. The second is do-it-yourself DIY.
Even as a multimillion-dollar industry, rock is believed to be Television and its commercialism music and a culture that people make for themselves. The historical question becomes, What were the circumstances that made such a belief possible?
Rock in the s The development of the new vocal pop star If rock music evolved from s rock and roll, then rock and roll itself—which at the time seemed to spring from nowhere—evolved from developments in American popular music that followed the marketing of the new technologies of records, radio, motion pictures, and the electric microphone.
By the s their combined effect was an increasing demand for vocal rather than instrumental records and for singing stars such as Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra. By the early s it was clear that this new kind of vocal pop star needed simpler, more directly emotional songs than those provided by jazz or theatre-based composers, and the big publishers began to take note of the blues and country numbers issued on small record labels in the American South.
While the major record companies tried to meet the needs of Hollywood, the national radio networks, and television, a system of independent record companies such as AtlanticSunand Chesslocal radio stations, and traveling deejays emerged to serve the music markets the majors ignored: African Americans, Southern whites, and, eventually, youth.
Rural music in urban settings Selling rural American musics blues, folk, country, and gospel had always been the business of small rather than corporate entrepreneursbut World War II changed the markets for them—partly because of the hundreds of thousands of Southerners who migrated north for work, bringing their music with them, and partly because of the broadening cultural horizons that resulted from military service.
Rural music in urban settings became, necessarily, louder and more aggressive the same thing had happened to jazz in the early s. Instruments, notably the guitar, had to be amplified to cut through the noise, and, as black dance bands got smaller for straightforward economic reasonsguitar, bass, and miked-up voice replaced brass and wind sections, while keyboards and saxophone became rhythm instruments used to swell the beat punched out by the drums.
Country dance bands, emerging from s jazz-influenced western swing, made similar changes, amplifying guitars and bass, giving the piano a rhythmic role, and playing up the personality of the singer.
Such music— rhythm and blues and honky tonk—was developed in live performance by traveling musicians who made their living by attracting dancers to bars, clubs, and halls. As the records were played on local radio stations, the appeal of this music—its energy, humour, and suggestiveness—reached white suburban teenagers who otherwise knew nothing about it.
Rhythm-and-blues record retailers, radio stations, and deejays most famously Alan Freed became aware of a new market—partying teenagers—while the relevant recording studios began to be visited by young white musicians who wanted to make such music for themselves. The result was rock and rollthe adoption of these rural-urban, black and white sounds by an emergent teenage culture that came to international attention with the success of the film Blackboard Jungle in The President represents the IOC and presides over all its activities.
He is elected by the Session.
The members vote in a secret ballot. In the past unlimited, the length of the President’s term of office is now fixed at eight years (entered into force 12 December ), renewable once for four years.
By spanning reality television’s origins in the late s to its current overwhelming popularity, Reality TV demonstrates both the tenacity of the format and its enduring ability to speak to our changing political and social desires and anxieties.
Music television and Its Influences on Consumer Culture, and the transmission of Consumption Messages Basil G. Englis, Rutgers University It is notable that little has been written in the consumer research literature concerning music television.
This report examines the effects of advertising and commercialism on children and recommends roles for psychologists in assisting parents and schools in . Rock, also called rock and roll, rock & roll, or rock ’n’ roll, form of popular music that emerged in the s..
It is certainly arguable that by the end of the 20th century rock was the world’s dominant form of popular music. Originating in the United States in the s, it spread to other English-speaking countries and across Europe in the ’60s, and by the ’90s its .
IIC. Commercialism Test. Public television, comprised of free and independent noncommercial broadcasters, licensed as such by the FCC and expected to be noncommercial by the public, must.