Eugenics Essay Eugenics Essay Eugenics is a broad term for policies aimed at the genetic improvement of the human race. Whereas most people are familiar with the eugenic practices of the Nazi Party, fewer realize the widespread international use of such practices, both before and after World War II. Eugenic programs include forced sterilization for those deemed unfit, as well as the criminalization of abortion for the fit.
Pre-Galtonian philosophies[ edit ] The philosophy was most famously expounded by Platowho believed human reproduction should be monitored and controlled by the state. In theory, this would lead to predictable results and the improvement of the human race.
However, Plato acknowledged the failure of the "marriage number" since "gold soul" persons could still produce "bronze soul" children. Other ancient civilizations, such as Rome Athens  and Spartapracticed infanticide International eugenics essay exposure and execution as a form of phenotypic selection.
If the child was deemed incapable of living, it was usually exposed   in the Apothetae near the Taygetus mountain. Trials for babies included bathing them in wine and exposing them to the elements.
To Sparta, this would ensure only the strongest survived and procreated. In addition, patriarchs in Roman society were given the right to "discard" infants at their discretion. This was often done by drowning undesired newborns in the Tiber River.
Commenting on the Roman practice of eugenics, the philosopher Seneca wrote that: Yet this is not the work of anger, but of reason - to separate the sound from the worthless".
Sir Francis Galton systematized these ideas and practices according to new knowledge about the evolution of man and animals provided by the theory of his half-cousin Charles Darwin during the s and s. He reasoned that, since many human societies sought to protect the underprivileged and weak, those societies were at odds with the natural selection responsible for extinction of the weakest; and only by changing these social policies could society be saved from a "reversion towards mediocrity", a phrase he first coined in statistics and which later changed to the now common " regression towards the mean ".
He concluded since one could use artificial selection to exaggerate traits in other animals, one could expect similar results when applying such models to humans. As he wrote in the introduction to Hereditary Genius: Consequently, as it is easy, notwithstanding those limitations, to obtain by careful selection a permanent breed of dogs or horses gifted with peculiar powers of running, or of doing anything else, so it would be quite practicable to produce a highly gifted race of men by judicious marriages during several consecutive generations.
Galton did not propose any selection methods; rather, he hoped a solution would be found if social mores changed in a way that encouraged people to see the importance of breeding. He included a footnote to the word "eugenic" which read: That is, with questions bearing on what is termed in Greek, eugenes namely, good in stock, hereditary endowed with noble qualities.
This, and the allied words, eugeneia, etc.
We greatly want a brief word to express the science of improving stock, which is by no means confined to questions of judicious mating, but which, especially in the case of man, takes cognizance of all influences that tend in however remote a degree to give to the more suitable races or strains of blood a better chance of prevailing speedily over the less suitable than they otherwise would have had.
The word eugenics would sufficiently express the idea; it is at least a neater word and a more generalized one than viriculture which I once ventured to use.Eugenics Essay Eugenics is a broad term for policies aimed at the genetic improvement of the human race. Whereas most people are familiar with the eugenic practices of the Nazi Party, fewer realize the widespread international use of such practices, both before and after World War II.
Eugenics (/ j uː ˈ dʒ ɛ n ɪ k s /; from Greek εὐγενής eugenes 'well-born' from εὖ eu, 'good, well' and γένος genos, 'race, stock, kin') is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of a human population.
The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined by Francis Galton in Eugenics Research Methods.
David Micklos, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Although eugenics became a popular movement in the United States, at its core was a research effort to apply Mendel's laws to the inheritance of human traits. Kay also discusses the rise of eugenics, which peaked at the Second International Congress of Eugenics in New York City ().
we can note that the Berkshire Bread Act of provoked Thomas Malthus into writing the first edition of his famous Essay which became the rallying point of future generations of populations control doomsayers.
Essay on The Understanding of Eugenics, and the Move Forward from Past Failures. - The Understanding of Eugenics, and the Move Forward from Past Failures. Eugenics, from the Greek word Eu-genes, which means “well-born or of good stock”, In was the name given to the work produced by scientist Sir Francis Galton ().
Nov 05, · Words: Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Eugenics The Forced Sterilization of Romani omen in Slovakia and the Czech Republic Eugenics is the belief that the human gene pool should be kept as clean as possible by eliminating disease and other genetic defects from the population.