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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. This instinct is not simply an animal instinct but is specific to both human culture and the form of conscious and unconscious life we live within it.
For Freud sexuality is infinitely complicated and far-reaching in its effects and forms the basis of self-identity and interactions. His Third Essay discusses the transformations of puberty in both males and females.
Part four of this essay focuses on the differentiation between male and female sexuality. Freud begins his discussion by noting that while it is true that masculine and feminine dispositions are already easily recognisable in childhood, it is not until puberty that a sharp distinction may be drawn between the two sexual characters.
Freud identifies in young girls a tendency to sexual repression to a greater degree than is found in little boys. Young girls also tend to develop inhibitions to sexuality, the negative repressive emotions such as shame, disgust and pity, at an earlier stage than little boys and submit to these emotions with less resistance.
According to Freud, little girls prefer the passive form of sexual gratification in relation to the compound erotogenic zones identified in infantile sexuality. Having noted this, however, Freud contends that infantile autoerotic activity and the erotogenic zones are the same in both sexes.
Therefore, sexuality in little girls and in little boys is essentially the same.
He then states that the libido is invariably and necessarily of a masculine nature regardless of the sex in which it occurs and the object to which it is directed.
This can be understood to mean that instinct always initiates activity even if that activity is passive in nature. This is important to an understanding of the sexual manifestations that are actually observed in men and women.
By stating that the auto-erotic and masturbatory sexual nature of little girls is of a wholly masculine nature, Freud is thus contending that the sexual nature of little girls is active, unlike the sexual nature of post-pubertal girls, which undergoes a kind of transformation to become predominantly passive.
Early masturbation in little girls is related to the clitoris and not to the external genitalia. Sexual excitement in little girls is expressed in spasms of the clitoris. This allows, Freud states, the little girl to form a correct judgement of the sexual manifestations of the other sex.
It is at puberty that the sexual nature of girls becomes feminine, that is, passive or receptive. The clitoris retains a role in sexual excitement but its task is in transmitting the excitation to the adjacent female sexual parts and is not the primary sexual zone as experienced in boys.
Before women can transfer their leading zone from the clitoris to the external genitalia an interval must occur during which the young woman is anaesthetic, that is unresponsive sexually. This period occurs at the very time that the pubertal male libido is growing and seeking a sexual object.
The pubertal repression of females acts as a kind of stimulus to the libido of men and causes an increase in its activity. The repression of pubertal girls leads the male libido to a sexual overvaluation of its chosen object, which is unobtainable.
When a woman has successfully transferred the erotogenic zone from the clitoris to the vaginal orifice, it implies that she has adopted a new leading zone for the purposes of her later sexual activity. This is in contrast to the male erotogenic zone, which remains unchanged from childhood.
Freud notes that it is precisely this transference of leading erotogenic zone together with the wave of repression at puberty, which leaves females open to a greater susceptibility to neurosis and especially to hysteria. It is these determinants, therefore, that Freud identifies as intimately related to the essence of femininity.
In his lecture entitled Femininity, Freud comments on the difficulties of equating active sexual aims with masculinity and passive ones with femininity since both men and women can take up both positions — active or passive — towards any object of desire. Given that Freud is discussing variances in the normal path of male and female sexual development and that he posits the innate bisexuality of all human beings, who possess varying degrees of active and passive qualities through to maturity, seems to require a more careful use of terminology and one less likely to create confusion and value judgements i.
The role of society and cultural custom in demanding the passive position of women, whereby repression of active sexuality in women is culturally acceptable, while conversely active sexuality is culturally frowned upon. The passive nature of post-pubertal feminine sexuality is not biologically determined but seems rather to be culturally influenced.
I am inclined to question the emphasis placed by Freud on the leading erotogenic zone as a stabilising factor of human identity. More essays like this:Continue on; sexuality on three freud essays the theory of notes power - glide language courses, how to do it fifth grade latina christiana ii sixth or seventh grade first year latin.
-freud links what he talked about in his essay "interpretation of dreams" on his theory of the unconscious and his work on hysteria by suggesting that sexuality is the driving force of both neuroses (through repression) and perversion.
This is a Freud absent the Oedipal complex, which came to dominate his ideas and subsequent editions of these essays. In its stead is an autoerotic theory of sexual development, a sexuality transcending binary categorization.
People forget that Freud wrote his essays at a time in which knowledge about the human psyche was scarce to say the least. That being said, I do find his emphasis on childhood sexuality rather unduly.
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (German: Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie), sometimes titled Three Contributions to the Theory of Sex, is a work by Sigmund Freud which advanced his theory of sexuality, in particular its relation to childhoodAuthor: Sigmund Freud.
Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality () by Freud - Free PDF eBook \.