Principles of waste management[ edit ] Diagram of the waste hierarchy Waste hierarchy[ edit ] The waste hierarchy refers to the "3 Rs" reducereuse and recyclewhich classifies waste management strategies according to their desirability in terms of waste minimisation.
BoxDammamSaudi Arabia Copyright: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Hospitals are important sites for the generation of hazardous waste. Each hospital has its own profile for the generation and transportion of waste according to its location.
It is extremely important to manage hospital generated waste properly in order to avoid health and environmental risks. This article reports the plan designed and used by the hospital waste management committee in King Fahad Hospital of the UniversityAlhkobar, Saudi Arabia, for the safe management of hospital generated waste starting from the collection areas to the final disposal procedure.
The plan was in four stages: The possible solutions for problems encountered are suggested. This plan which was efficient and cost effective can be used in other medical establishments.
Every department in the hospital generates waste and the overall product is waste of different kinds; healthcare, household and administrative waste. Healthcare waste includes infectious, chemical, expired pharmaceutical and radioactive items and sharps.
These items can be pathogenic and environmentally adverse. They are referred to in this article as hazardous healthcare waste. Other waste items generated through healthcare but not hazardous include medication boxes, the packaging of medical items and food, remains of food, and waste from offices.
The management of hospital generated waste is not only the responsibility of the hospital administration but also of every department and every healthcare providing personnel in the hospital. It is a process that should begin at the site of generation where medical waste has to be properly collected and segregated from other non-hazardous waste in specific color-coded receptacles.
Transportation of hazardous healthcare waste should be well mapped in the hospital and conveyed by special carts. Storage should be carried out in utility rooms specially prepared for this purpose.
Various methods, on-site or off-site are available for the final treatment of hazardous healthcare waste. There are reports of programs directed at the reduction of hazardous healthcare waste and the control of the cost of disposal.
This article reports the plan designed and used by the hospital waste management committee in King Fahd Hospital of the University KFHUAlkhobar, Saudi Arabia, to upgrade the management of hospital waste. This plan which is efficient, cost-effective and that requires no extra human resources can also be used in other hospitals.
PLAN The committee was composed of the director of the hospital, associate director of nursing, infection control nurses and the director of housekeeping.
The plan was in four phases: Background information The following are the requirements: Identification of problems The following are the possible problems envisaged: Interventions The following actions are recommended: Monitoring The following measures are suggested: The plan presented here is an important step for the proper managment of hazardous healthcare waste.
It provides an appraisal of the profile of generation, collection, transportation and storage of healthcare waste in a hospital.
Having a policy and a set of procedures that regulate the handling of healthcare waste is essential for the implementation of an effective plan of management. The policy and procedure ought to take into consideration the peculiar setting of the hospital. The classification of waste items generated by the individual hospital as hazardous healthcare or other wastes should be very clear and precise.
Healthcare waste is viewed as a defect of the healthcare provision.
Orientation on the way the hospital handles healthcare waste should be made part of all in-service training and education programs. All hospital staff regardless of status, medical students and cleaners not excepted, should be responsible for the proper handling of healthcare waste.
The means of collection, transportation and storage sites should be efficient and meet the necessary standards required by the regulatory body. Access to these areas should be restricted to healthcare staff only and be off bounds to patients and visitors.
The type and weight of healthcare waste can be determined and planned for in advance by reviewing the inventory of the medical supplies purchased.
It is wise to bear in mind the waste potential of these supplies when making an order. Recycling practices are set up by hospitals to reduce healthcare waste, protect the environment and save money. It is also related, in the long run, to the level of the healthcare provided by a hospital and in the short run, to the daily clinical work and bed occupancy.
We recommend that an assessment of the weight of hospital wastes be made; hazardous and other kinds of waste with base line figures.Hospitals are important sites for the generation of hazardous waste. Each hospital has its own profile for the generation and transportion of waste according to its location.
background information, identification of problems, intervention and monitoring. Inaccurate disposal of waste items in the designated receptacles. (4) Failed means.
Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics.
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The e-waste best management . Waste disposal  Waste management is the handling of discarded materials. Recycling and composting, which transform waste into useful products, are forms of waste management.
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